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Breast cancer tends to be diagnosed in women over the age of 50, but it can affect people of all ages. It’s absolutely crucial that women regularly check their breasts, and always speak to a doctor if they notice any subtle changes.
Breast cancer is caused by cells inside the breast growing out of control.
You’re more likely to be diagnosed with the condition if you’re over 50 years old, or if you have a family history of breast cancer.
If you notice any changes to your breasts that you’re unsure about, you should speak to a doctor.
Diagnosing the cancer early is absolutely crucial to protect against any unwanted complications.
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What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
The most common early warning sign of breast cancer is a new lump, or area of thickened skin.
This lump can appear in either breast, and may affect the size of shape of the breast.
Some patients also develop a dimpling on the skin of the breast, or they may have some discharge from the nipple.
A rash on – or around – the nipple could also be a sign of breast cancer, as well as a change in the appearance of the nipple.
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“If you have any signs or symptoms that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away,” said the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
“No breast is typical. What is normal for you may not be normal for another woman.
“Most women say their breasts feel lumpy or uneven. The way your breasts look and feel can be affected by getting your period, having children, losing or gaining weight, and taking certain medications.
“Breasts also tend to change as you age.”
Your doctor will examine your breasts, and decide whether to refer you to a specialist.
At a specialised breast cancer clinic, they’ll likely offer you a mammogram; an x-ray of the breasts.
The causes of breast cancer aren’t entirely understood, however.
That means it’s difficult to know exactly how to protect against the disease from ever developing.
You could lower your risk of breast cancer by following some healthy living guidelines.
Everyone should aim to eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables every day, said the NHS.
Regular exercise is also recommended for all women, as it can help to protect against a number of medical conditions.
Aim to do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity every week.
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